Monthly Archives: September 2017

Dental Care Help

The oral cavity is considered the gateway to the body. Oral health of a person is very important as it is an integral part of the overall health. Oral health does not necessarily mean that a person should have healthy teeth, but the adjoining structures surrounding the teeth like the gums, cheeks and other areas should be healthy.

The condition of the oral health of a person can give a lot of indication regarding the general health of the body. A smiling face reflects the inner beauty and emotions of a person from within.

It is advisable to visit a dentist every six months irrespective of whether you have any problem or not. Brushing twice daily both in the morning and at night after dinner reduces the risk of dental diseases.

Avoid eating sticky foods and beverages. Beverages should be sipped with a straw as the acidic content of the beverages destroy the teeth if taken regularly. Always rinse the mouth thoroughly after every meal. Always change the tooth brush every three months or whenever the bristles go out of shape, whichever is earlier.

Vigorous brushing is harmful as it does not remove the hard deposits on the teeth but the surface of the teeth gets abraded. Avoid using toothpick and other materials. Dental flossing is very essential to clean the internal areas of the teeth.

Nursing bottle caries is seen in children who are fed milk in bottles at night. This should be avoided and the child should rather be given a bottle of water to suckle before he/ she goes to sleep.

Commonly seen dental diseases are dental caries, gingivitis, periodontitis, and oral cancer. Early diagnosis of any dental disease will be helpful in restoring the teeth and its adjoining structures. Professional application of topical fluorides acts as a preventive measure for caries in both adults and children. Safe and preventive measures should be taken for improving the oral health.

Diabetes And Dental Care

Diabetes mellitus

Diabetes mellitus is a condition in which there is insufficient production of insulin by the pancreas in your body or alternately the cells in the body do not respond to the insulin produced; both these factors result in non-absorption of blood sugar by the body cells.

This condition can be identified by symptoms such as frequent urination, excessive thirst, hunger and lethargy. Depending on the type of diabetes you might have to take either oral medications or insulin injections in addition to changing your diet.

Diabetes and oral healthcare

The condition of diabetes affects the total body functions which includes your mouth. The blood sugar level in a diabetic will be high in the mouth that can cause oral health problems. The diabetes when uncontrolled impairs the white cells in your blood which is necessary for fighting bacterial infections that can occur in your mouth. In addition to impairing white blood cells, diabetes causes thickening of blood vessels in the mouth. This further reduces the ability of the body to fight infections.

Dental problems of diabetics

Diabetics are likely to suffer from the following dental problems if they do not control their sugar level.

  • Dry mouth – lack of control of sugar level will reduce the saliva flow thereby resulting in dry mouth Dry mouth leads to infections, soreness, ulcers, and tooth decay.
  • Candidiasis or oral thrush – the diabetics in order to fight various infections often take antibiotics and this weakens their immune system thereby exposing themselves for getting infected in their mouths and tongue and this is known as candidiasis or oral thrush The fungus Candida albicans responsible for thrush outgrow at high glucose levels in the saliva that prevails normally in uncontrolled diabetics.
  • Delayed healing of oral tissues – the diabetics take longer time to heal if they undergo oral surgery or any other dental procedures; this is mainly because of the reduced blood flow to the area of treatments.
  • Cavities – many types of bacteria resides in your mouth. These bacteria interact with the starches and sugars in your diet and produce a sticky film called plaque and this film sticks your teeth. The acids in plaque attack the hard enamel in the outer surface of your teeth which might result in cavities. The diabetics will have a high blood sugar level and this means that there will be excess supply of sugar which will accelerate tooth wear out.
  • Burning mouth and/or tongue – oral thrush results in Burning mouth and/or tongue.
  • Gingivitis – this occurs when you do not remove the plaque from your teeth by proper oral hygiene; the plaque will get hardened under your gum line thereby forming tartar or calculus. The plaque and tartar will cause irritation to your gingiva which is the part of your gum around the base of your teeth. As days progress you will find that your gums become swollen and bleed easily causing gingivitis.
  • Periodontitis – If gingivitis is not treated on time the resultant infection destroys the soft tissue and bone supporting your teeth; this is called periodontitis. The effect of periodontitis is that it pulls away your gums from your teeth that might make your teeth get loosened and fall. Periodontitis affects diabetics more because diabetes reduces your resistance to infection thereby causing slow healing.

Smoking and diabetes

Diabetics who smoke are at a greater risk (20 times) for developing thrush and periodontal disease than non-smokers. In addition to this since smoking reduces the blood flow to your gums it increases the healing time of any wound in gum tissues area.

Dental Care Tips for the Elderly

As we grow old, our body changes. Just like the rest of our body, our teeth and gums also senesce. About 250 million people suffer from the loss of natural teeth, also called edentulousness, which is about forty percent of the people in Europe, the United States and Japan combined, according to the American Dental Hygienists Association.

The older a person becomes, the more likely we are to lose our teeth. The use of dentures is a good substitute in many cases, however, in most situations the elderly not only lose their teeth, but they lose their ability to care for them, too.

What Makes Elderly Dental Care So Hard?

For the elderly, numerous factors can lead to their inability to maintain oral health. In situations where the individual has dentures, he or she may not follow the proper steps for cleansing dentures, due to limited funds or inexperience.

Sometimes, arthritis makes it hard to use a toothbrush. Others find the use of traditional toothbrushes too hard to use due to dexterity limitations. In other cases, they simply forget to care for their teeth, even if it is something they have done their entire life.

How to Improve the Oral Health of the Elderly

Whether you are an elderly citizen who wants to improve your dental care, or are responsible for caring for someone, there are steps you can take to improve oral health.

    1. Caregivers need to learn the care and special needs of aging teeth. The Ohio Dental Association offers a program called Smiles for Seniors Program. It teaches caregivers how to help in situations where Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s and strokes interfere with the ability of these individuals to care for their teeth.

    1. For those with dexterity problems, the use of an electric toothbrush can be helpful. These toothbrushes are excellent at removing plaque and aid in stimulating gums. They are often easier to use, too.

    1. For people who have limited use of their hands due to arthritis or other conditions, try adaptations. For example, attach a bicycle grip to the handle to make it easier to grasp and hold.

  1. If dentures are used, ensure all products necessary for cleaning them are available. The use of any harsh substance, including typical household cleaners, can damage dentures, so it is preferable to use only a denture powder or paste.

The elderly often face increasing obstacles about how to maintain their oral health. Learning new techniques and adaptations like these can make a huge difference for maintaining a healthy and confident smile.

Dental Care Habits for Good Dental Health

By taking proper care of your teeth, you can enjoy a good dental health and keep away gum and periodontal diseases.

You should brush your teeth daily, along with flossing. Teeth should be brushed thoroughly, no less than twice daily. Apart from brushing in the mornings, you need to brush them at night, just before bedtime. Try flossing your teeth at the end of every meal or at least once every day. All that you need for maintaining a good dental health is visiting your dentist periodically and taking care of teeth on your own.

Dental care at home

You should insist on using dental products carrying the seal of the American Dental Association, ADA. It’s safe to use toothpaste, tooth brushes and floss carrying the said seal, and they help keeping away cavities and diseases of the gums.

Some important instructions to be followed

You should spend a minimum of three minutes for brushing your teeth twice everyday. You may employ a timer if needed. Teeth need to be flossed at least once during the day to maintain cleanliness between them. Procure and use only ADA-approved appliances for cleaning and flossing your teeth.

The intent of taking regular care of your teeth is to prevent the formation of plaque on your teeth and to void bad breath, gum diseases and tooth decay. If you fail to take adequate care of you teeth, you’ll find plaque buildups and the tissues around your teeth might get infected.

By visiting any drugstore you’ll discover a large number of tools designed to help taking care of your teeth on your own. Such tools include regular toothbrushes, power toothbrushes, inter-dental cleaners, floss with or without wax, mouth rinse and oral irrigators. Do consult your dentist before you start using any of these devices regularly.

The penalty for following poor oral hygiene practices

As a result of following poor oral hygiene practices, plaque starts getting accumulated at the base of the teeth plus the gum line, resulting in red or inflamed gums. Unless measures are taken to eliminate plaque, your teeth will start decaying and the gums will get ill.

If you fail to take adequate care of teeth on your own or do not visit the dentist periodically, you may find empty spaces getting formed around the teeth as a result of accumulated plaque. The space so created may finally damage the bone or other delicate tissues that go to support your teeth, and finally you may lose the affected teeth.